Tips for selecting the right Castor wheel

Castor wheels come in various sizes and materials and offer a variety of conveniences. They not only ensure mobility, transportation but also save time and save the workers from injury risks. However, it is essential to choose the right Castor wheels of the right make to ensure utilitarian aspects of the same. There is no fail-proof theory to select the right wheels, but here are a few tips to make it less complicated.

Load and Wheel Size

The most important aspect of catering while selecting Castor wheels is the weight of the equipment and the maximum load on the equipment. The greater the weight and the larger the wheels are required. This helps to distribute the weight and glide smoothly on the floors. The Castor wheels must be selected, bearing in mind the capacity higher than deduced. The number of wheels will be determined by the requirement to divide the load equally.

Floor Conditions

Floor conditions affect Castor and wheel performance. As a general rule, hard tread wheels perform better on soft or smooth floors, and soft tread wheels move better on hard or rough floors, including outdoor surfaces. When choosing a wheel type, consider all special floor conditions—the larger and softer the wheel, the greater the ability to maneuver over rails and similar obstacles.


The larger the wheel diameter, and the harder the wheel material, the easier the wheel will roll. Roller bearings carry heavier loads. Ball bearings roll easier but carry lesser loads. Rolling ease is also affected by environmental and application conditions. For example, a CC Apex wheel will work well, moving over thresholds, but a phenolic wheel may not.

Unusual Conditions

Every wheel type has its strengths and weaknesses, and unusual conditions require the selection of wheels that are appropriate for usage. Extreme temperatures require special bearing lubricants or plain bore bearings. It is not advisable to use rubber tread wheels in corrosive environments.

In environments like hospitals, bakeries, and food processing plants where washing the cart is required, nickel-plated Castors with raceway grease seals and zerk grease fittings are the preferred option. For wet environments or widespread washing applications, it is always better to resort to stainless steel Castors. In textile plants and laundries, specify Castors with thread guards to reduce the collection of thread, strings, and general floor debris is desired.

Wheel Bearings

This also plays a very pivotal role in order to select the optimum wheels for the desired application. There are a few types of wheel bearings, and knowing about the types may help make the facile.

SINTERED IRON BEARING – An economical, oil-infused bearing suitable for light loads or heavier loads that are stationary most of the time.

PLAIN BEARING – Wheel bearing bore riding directly on the spanner bushing and/or axle.

BALL BEARING – Recommended for loads where maximum rolling ease is required. They require less effort to start moving and keep rolling than other bearing types.

ROLLER BEARING – This bearing carries higher loads than the same size ball bearing. It is well suited for industrial uses.

DELRIN BEARING – An economic bearing well suited to conditions of frequent exposure to water, steam cleaning, salts, and brine and corrosive conditions.


Cater wheels are a great recourse to consider in any business when the focus is to be on mobility and enhancing work efficiency. It impacts the time consumed, maneuverability, transportation, and injury risks in a positive manner by reducing it. It is, however, important that the varied industry and operation type is different and would require a specific requirement. If you pay some attention to research, it will be easier to choose the right Castor wheels for your needs.

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